Uma Revisão das Perspectivas Teóricas de Declínio Organizacional

Rosiele Fernandes Pinto, Fernando Antonio Ribeiro Serra, Isabel Cristina Scafuto

Resumo


Confrontado com diferentes abordagens em torno do tema declínio organizacional, este trabalho busca revisar a literatura sobre o assunto para responder à questão de pesquisa: Quais as abordagens teóricas fundamentam os estudos de declínio organizacional? Para garantir uma abrangência da literatura dominante sobre declínio organizacional, os artigos foram selecionados em periódicos com fator JCR acima de 2,0, com uma amostra de 75 artigos. Após a seleção dos artigos, foi realizada uma leitura a todos eles e posteriormente uma classificação de acordo com o seu conteúdo. Os resultados mostram que os estudos de declínio organizacional estão fundamentados em diferentes correntes teóricas, destacando-se os estudos de ecologia organizacional, estudos do processo de declínio em si e turnaround. As pesquisas empíricas foram realizadas em empresas que atuam em setores diversos e predominantemente no mercado americano. Este estudo terá um papel importante na sistematização e integração das abordagens teóricas desenvolvidas em publicações relevantes, o que de certa forma define o conhecimento acumulado sobre declínio organizacional. A contribuição teórica deste estudo para o conhecimento reside no debate dos marcos teóricos existentes na literatura de declínio, buscando ampliar a compreensão sobre esse tema.

 

Palavras-chave: Declínio organizacional; Turnaround; Ecologia organizacional.

 

 

A Review of Theoretical Perspectives of Organizational Decline


Abstract

 Confronted with different approaches around organizational decline, this paper seeks to review the literature on the subject to answer the research question: Which theoretical approaches ground the studies of organizational decline? To ensure coverage of the dominant literature on organizational decline, articles were selected in journals with a JCR factor above 2.0, with a sample of 75 articles. After the selection of the articles, a reading was made to all of them and later a classification according to their content. The results show that the studies of organizational decline are based on different theoretical currents, especially the studies of organizational ecology, studies of the process of decline itself and turnaround. The empirical researches were carried out in companies that operate in diverse sectors and predominantly in the American market. This study will play an important role in systematizing and integrating the theoretical approaches developed in relevant publications, which in a way defines the accumulated knowledge about organizational decline. The theoretical contribution of this study to knowledge resides in the debate of theoretical frameworks in the literature of decline, seeking to broaden the understanding on this theme.

 

Key words: Organizational Decline; Turnaround; Organizational Ecology.


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